The NSW school curriculum has been reviewed and changes will gradually be made throughout the next four years.
That comes after the chief executive officer of the Australian Council for Educational Research professor Geoff Masters lead the curriculum review.
He found the current curriculum contained too much clutter and didn't have enough time to focus on deep learning.
He felt some students wouldn't get the solid foundation in English and mathematics they needed and deserved and not all Higher School Certificate subjects had clear links to further study and career pathways.
In his final report, Mr Masters said reforming the curriculum was urgent.
"There is clear evidence many students are disengaging from school, slipping behind in their learning and not making the progress or achieving the levels of which they are capable," Mr Masters said.
"A redesigned curriculum is part of the solution to ensuring every young person learns successfully and is well prepared for further learning, life and work."
By 2022, the curriculum will build strong foundations for future learning with new English and mathematics syllabuses for kindergarten to Year 2 students and allow teachers more time to teach by reducing the hours they spend on extracurricular topics and issues and compliance requirements.
It will also create new learning areas for Years 11 and 12 that clearly link learning to future employment and study options.
By 2024, a new curriculum will arise.
The review recommended the new curriculum to build on stronger foundations, meaning students would be prepared for a lifetime of ongoing learning and will have the skills to become a contributing member of society in the future.
The curriculum should also give students the knowledge, skills and attributes that will help them gain meaningful work and satisfying careers.
NSW Minister for Education and Early Childhood Learning Sarah Mitchell this was an exciting time for the next generation of children.
"Nothing is more important for our society and our nation, than the quality of teaching and learning in our schools," Ms Mitchell said.
"It is no longer a case of going to school to obtain knowledge for the same job for life.
"Schools must be the place where students receive an education that provides them with a solid foundation for life."
In the meantime, school principals have a pivital role to play in leading their staff during the reform.
They should get their staff to look over and discuss the review and think about how the changes would affect their teaching.
The NSW Department of Education also has fact sheets for teachers, parents, students and future employers with regards to the changes.
In the words of Ms Mitchell, the reform is "an investment in students' lives and the future of our society".
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