The government of Australia's first female Prime Minister will now be a matter for the history books, after Ms Gillard was toppled from the nation's top job by Kevin Rudd.
The 52-year-old will not stand at the September election, making good on a promise the member for Lalor made prior to calling a leadership ballot for the evening of June 26.
Ms Gillard's fall from the Prime Minister position came just a day after the three-year anniversary of her rise to the job in very similar circumstances, rolling Mr Rudd in a leadership ballot. Ms Gillard would later declare she made a move against the now-PM after coming to the belief that 'a good government had lost its way'.
TIMELINE: JULIA GILLARD IN POWER
Federal election. Labor wins government.
Gillard becomes deputy prime minister.
Labor caucus replaces Kevin Rudd with Julia Gillard as party leader and PM.
Julia Gillard announces MRRT.
Anna Bligh succeeds Michael Williamson as ALP president.
Federal election. Labor loses parliamentary majority.
Independents side with Labor, giving it government.
Victorian state election. Ted Baillieu defeats John Brumby.
NSW election. Labor loses government in a landslide.
Jenny McAllister becomes president of the ALP and replaces Anna Bligh.
The SMH reports Craig Thomson and Michael Williamson received kickbacks from a printing company.
Michael Williamson takes leave from the HSU.
Harry Jenkins resigns as speaker and is replaced by Peter Slipper, shoring up the government’s majority in Parliament.
Gillard cabinet reshuffle.
Bill Shorten appointed Minister for Employment and Workplace Relations
Kevin Rudd outtakes video posted on YouTube.
Leadership vote. Caucus votes to keep Julia Gillard as leader over Kevin Rudd by 71 to 31 votes. Senator Mark Arbib says he will leave politics.
Gillard says she will appoint Bob Carr foreign minister. Wayne Swan criticises mining entrepreneurs in The Monthly.
James Ashby files a sexual harassment lawsuit in the Federal Court against Peter Slipper.
Peter Slipper stands aside as speaker of the House of Representatives.
Craig Thomson suspended from the Labor Party.
Federal budget forecasts small surplus.
Julia Gillard adopts Pacific Solution for asylum seekers.
Julia Gillard holds press conference to explain her involvement in AWU slush fund.
James Ashby accepts settlement with the federal government.
Peter Slipper resigns as speaker.
Wayne Swan acknowledges the government is unlikely to deliver a budget surplus.
Julia Gillard says the election will be held on September 14.
WA Labor loses state election with an 8 per cent swing.
Rudd refuses to stand in a leadership ballot.
Government announces super changes to hit higher earners.
Federal budget does not forecast a surplus until 2016.
Kevin Rudd wins ballot and returns to the Labor leadership.